Three Days in Beaune, France
Have you ever had a travel vision you desperately wanted to make reality? For a year, I'd dreamed of cycling through French villages and drinking chardonnay. Yes, I'm utterly city-centric but vineyards don't grow downtown. When my boyfriend and I had the chance to spend five weeks in Europe earlier this year, experiencing regional France was at the top of my list.
I didn't know much about French wine or whether small towns even existed nowadays. I googled France's best wine regions (particularly for chardonnay) and cross-referenced a few wine websites. The town of Beaune, Côte-d’Or in east central France was repeatedly mentioned. To be sure this is where I wanted to holiday, I typed Beaune into Google Images and immediately liked what I saw. Vineyards, villages and greenery. There wasn't a single skyscraper in sight!
My holiday dream was edging closer but the final element was cycling. I searched for day tours and found a highly rated company offering a full day of biking through local wineries, along with lunch. It looked perfect! We booked a three night stay in Beaune and three months later, my holiday dream became reality.
Beaune is the wine-making capital of Burgundy (Bourgogne, in French). The town is semi-walled, with most hotels, restaurants and attractions contained within or close to its 2.5 kilometre ring road. The town centre loosely comprises Beaune's famous Hospices (also known as Hôtel-Dieu), Place de la Halle (town square) and nearby Place Carnot (park). From here, you'll find Rue Monge and Rue Carnot with cafes and shops, while Avenue de la Republique and Rue de l'Hotel Dieu are direct routes out of the town.
Beaune's train station (Gare de Beaune) is outside the walled section, about 10-15 minutes walk from the Hospices.
Beaune is two hours by train from Paris, stopping in Dijon (€23, 90 minutes, first class) then transferring to a regional train (€4.40, 20 minutes, to Beaune). When transferring in Dijon, don't be alarmed if your train isn't listed on the display boards. Ours left from a separate platform outside the station. An information officer pointed us to an exit, and told us to follow the orange line on the ground for two minutes. Sounds odd, but this will be helpful if you visit! We pre-booked all our tickets before leaving Australia via the excellent website Loco2.
When in Beaune, it's easy to get around on foot as the town centre is flat and fairly compact. If you're towing a suitcase, be aware of cobblestones and high kerbs. I didn't see many taxis, however we never had a need for one. There a few car hire companies near the train station which we considered, but ultimately didn't need.
What to do
1. Wine tasting/education
Wine is the key industry in Beaune and you'll see it everywhere - from vineyards to wine bars, the heavy concentration of wine stores and even a wine museum! However don't expect to visit wineries or vineyards without a tour or appointment. Many are family-run and they don't have the facilities or time to open to the public. This is slowly changing, but like much of France, tradition here is very strong.
My favourite experiences were:
- Wine Stores
If you want to immediately immerse yourself in wine, visit Domaine des Vins in the town centre. There are six red and white wines available by the glass, or just browse the extraordinary range. We got a crash course here on local wines the first day we arrived, with one of the owners explaining the different villages and characteristics of the wines they each produced. There are many other wine stores in Beaune, but Domaine de Vins is the only one I saw offering tastings. Prices varied from €6 to €15 for a glass. Address: 16 Place de la Halle (near the Hospices).
- Bike & Wine Tour
We booked a full day cycling and wine tour with Bourgogne Evasion (€137/ AU$200 each). After some difficulty meeting our guide Florian (we didn't realise the tourism office had temporarily relocated as the confirmation email went to my junk folder), we were driven 15 minutes to the top of a hill for our briefing and bike set up. It was a beautiful sunny Friday and we were lucky to be the only ones booked on the tour that day.
Over 24km, we cycled through towns including Meursault and Pommard, getting a fascinating political and social history along with wine education. We learnt about viticulture, the strict French regulations and the different appellations from regional to Grand Cru. It was like we'd biked into the National Geographic channel.
We saw a castle, had wine tasting plein air, enjoyed a leisurely two-course lunch at a restaurant and visited two wineries. An unexpected highlight was stopping at a vineyard along the road and comparing the different rows - you could see the varied approaches taken by different winemakers.
There were one or two steep hills and while the website says it's an easy ride, I would rate it as moderate. However, there was no pressure to rush your day. The number of people who greeted our guide Florian as we cycled through the villages is evidence of his popularity and experience. For both myself and my boyfriend, this tour was one of the best days of our entire five week trip. I highly recommend it! More info & bookings: http://burgundybiketour.com
- Wine Tasting - La Cave de l'Ange Gardien
This was the most wonderful and surreal afternoon. For €10, my boyfriend and I sampled three whites and three reds over three hours with a fascinating lesson in the art of wine tasting and French wine. We booked almost by accident, walking downstairs into the modest cave and being told they could do a lesson on Saturday at 3pm. Our teacher Nicola was witty, charming and extremely knowledgeable. If you've got the time, do it! Address: 38 Boulevard Marechal Foch.
- Bar hopping
Of course, you could educate yourself in Beaune's wines simply by drinking them! There are plenty of bars, cafes and restaurants offering a wide variety of local wines. It was common to be given complimentary nuts, chips or other small snacks with your drink, especially when ordering a pichet (250ml). Prices varied greatly, so there's something for every budget. See the drink section below for specific recommendations.
Lastly, we didn't make it to the Musee de Vin (Museum of Wine) or the labyrinth wine cellars of Patriarche, which our tour guide had recommended. But they're on my list for next time!
2. Hospices de Beaune (Hôtel-Dieu)
You can't miss the hospices in the centre of Beaune. Built in 1443 as a hospital for the poor, l'Hôtel-Dieu is the heart and pride of the town. I was skeptical - how interesting could an old hospital be? But my expectations were greatly exceeded. After buying our tickets (€7.50 adult), my boyfriend and I walk through the hospices using the free audio guide and map. The history, architecture and artifacts such as uniforms, tapestries and equipment were impressive. The insight into medieval medicine was also an eye-opener. We spent just under an hour here.
Opening hours: 7 days, 9am - 6.30pm, with last entry at 5.30pm | http://hospices-de-beaune.com
3. Saturday markets
Buying a baguette in France has been one of my life goals. I bought one at a supermarket in Paris, but the experience didn't feel very authentic. I'd made sure our stay in Beaune included a Saturday so we could experience the weekly market! On a Saturday morning, the town centre is taken over by sellers offering everything from meat, cheese and fresh produce to baskets and clothing. The produce was excellent quality. We enjoyed fresh mandarines, berries, olives and bread along with sun-dried tomato tapenade and pastries.
If your French is rusty, some sellers speak English but you could equally say Bonjour and point at items with a polite s'il vous plait. Nothing was too pricey, although we did pay €10 for a large handful of tapenade. The ensuing picnic in our hotel room was magic. Bring cash.
4. La Moutarderie (Mustard Mill)
The last thing I expected to do in France was a mustard degustation but given Beaune's proximity to Dijon, I shouldn't have been surprised. I'd actually walked past La Moutarderie without realising it on our first day, as the exterior is quite modest. There are three spaces inside - the old mill, the current production area and the tasting zone. We tried to book a tour but the times didn't work for us, so we just did mustard tasting instead. What an experience! The range of flavours and chatty, happy staff member explaining the varieties were excellent. While I was disappointed we couldn't do a tour, the tasting alone was worth it. And it was free! There's also a vending machine wall of mini mustards for €1 each - perfect souvenirs or gifts! Address: 31 Rue du Faubourg.
Opening hours: 9.30am - 6pm Monday to Saturday, closed most Sundays | http://www.fallot.com/
French cuisine dominates most of the eateries across town - this is serious meat and cheese territory. Being a lactose-intolerant vegetarian was a challenge (which I'd expected), especially as most menus were in French. As my bike tour guide explained "We are happy to do vegetarian and no dairy... but we just don't know how to do it!." Thankfully, the French do beautiful big salads with luscious dressings. If you're picky or have allergies, try connect to wifi and Google Translate menu ingredients. Anchovies were quite common, as was raw salmon and of course, cheese (fromage)! The bread baskets filled with slices of fresh, delicious baguettes were constant, and quite a lifesaver.
If you're not familiar with French food culture, there aren't many places with 'grab and go' options. I didn't see takeaway coffee during our entire stay, and you won't find fast food outlets or sushi to go. Bakeries are the exception, and I did surprise my boyfriend by bringing him a lemon tart one morning.
Dining out can therefore get a little expensive with restaurant salads around €12-18 and mains from €15. Meat and cheese platters were prolific and good value for two people grazing. I saw one sandwich shop which was probably more casual and affordable, but the cooler weather meant getting take away and sitting outdoors wasn't an option for us.
You'll find plenty of dining on Rue Monge and around Place Carnot, as well as all along Rue Jean-Francois Maufoux, which becomes Rue Maufoux and eventually Rue du Faubourg Bretonnière.
- La Lune (32 Rue Maufoux): It's not your typical French fare, but this was one of the most memorable meals during our entire five weeks in Europe. La Lune is Japanese and French fusion: think asparagus with sweet miso, grilled mushrooms and an excellent wine list of course! Book ahead as the venue is small - you can contact them via Facebook.
- Les Negotiants (7 Petite Place Carnot): This venue in the centre was packed with people drinking and eating on a sunny afternoon. The staff were so happy and helpful (they smiled at my mediocre French) and service was prompt. We returned a few days later for a casual lunch on a rainy Sunday and enjoyed the cosy atmosphere indoors, along with seeing local families and friends dining.
If you need groceries, there's a small store in the centre called Casino Shop and there's an Aldi within walking distance too.
We drank a lot of wine, by the glass and by the bottle! As mentioned, you'll often be given bread or small snacks such as nuts or chips with your order. We found this was most common when ordering a pichet (250ml) of wine. I wish I could return to Beaune just to experience its wine lists all over again!
- La Dilettante (11 Rue du Faubourg Bretonnière): this wine bar was full at 2pm when we arrived thirsty and a little hungry. We tried again 15 minutes later and got a table, and spent an hour or two sampling most of the wines available by the glass. There was a limited afternoon food menu - I had a simple green salad while my boyfriend had a chicken gratine, and we shared the bread basket. It was a fun spot with plenty of take away wine too.
- Brasserie Le Carnot (18 Rue Carnot): a large bistro with a large undercover, al fresco area too. Again, it was the staff who made us feel welcome here. We ordered a few pichets and enjoyed the generous complimentary snacks.
Most retail is concentrated along Rue Carnot, Rue Monge and surrounding Place Carnot. The majority of stores were closed on a Sunday, but you'll otherwise find some homewares, souvenirs and small clothing stores. Sephora is the most commercialised store you'll find, while Minelli is a French shoe franchise (where I picked up some great ankle boots in Paris!). Of course, wine stores are everywhere.
For food shopping, the fromagerie Alain Hess boasts 200 types of cheeses, along with condiments, crackers and other gourmet items. I was astounded at the variety and would have purchased so much if we had a bar fridge or extra suitcase! As mentioned under food, you can get general groceries at Casino Shop (4 Rue Carnot) and there's an Aldi.
Where to stay
We stayed at Hotel Abbaye de Maizières (19 Rue Maizières), a 4 star hotel in the town centre for about €200/AU$300 a night. I'd been immediately enchanted by its striking cellar and history - the property was owned by monks from the 13th Century until the French Revolution! The luxury linen, plush robes and Clarins toiletries were lovely. If the room had a bar fridge and wine glasses, it would've been perfect!
The location was ideal with most attractions, restaurants and cafes within five to 10 minutes walk. We'd hoped to dine in the restaurant, but found it was mostly quiet. The hotel is about 10 to 15 minutes walk from the train station which we handled fine with our large suitcases.
Do yourself a favour and learn a little French before you go. Sometimes, I would speak French and receive a response in English but my efforts were always appreciated. Here are some basics, remembering the French don't usually pronounce the last letter or two of their words.
- Hello/good day: Bonjour
- Hello/good evening: Bonsoir
- Yes/no: Oui ("we")/Non ("no")
- Please: S'il vous plaît
- Thank you: Merci
- I would like..: Je voudrais... ("voo-dreh")
- What is..?: Quell est..? ("kel-eh")
- Have a nice day: Bonne journée (said as a farewell)
- Do you speak English? Parlez-vous anglais? ("on-glay")
Lots of businesses will close for lunch between 12pm and 2pm, including the post office La Poste. Many of the shops in the town centre close on Sundays too. Opening hours are usually in 24 hour format, such as 900 h to 1730 h. If you want to make the most of the Saturday market, get accommodation with cooking facilities. I desperately wanted to roast asparagus!
Overall, Beaune was everything I'd hoped for and it was refreshing to spend time in a place which hadn't succumbed to modern pressures. The French approach to dining - quality produce, smaller portions and taking time to eat is a lesson we could all embrace. I loved learning about French wine, viticulture and the history of the region. After my wine tasting lesson, I've never looked at a glass the same way again! Merci Beaune pour une parfait vacance!.
QUESTION: Have you had a travel vision you were obsessed with?